tuff - teaching hand specimen of bright white welded volcanic ash with scattered dark clasts
This is a very white tuff - a welded volcanic ash. It has enough angular fragments of other rocks included to clue students in that it's a tuff. Another white tuff from the same mine has almost no clasts, feels gritty, and is not as bright. It would be a challenge to students. We normally have examples of both types in stock.
Many tuffs contain angular clasts (from the Greek klastos = broken) - fragments of other rocks welded in. As the ash was being blasted out of the vent, fragments of other rocks were being torn loose and blasted out with it. Angular clasts make a tuff relatively easy to identify and to separate from a rhyolite. Both are derived from a magma with the same composition as granite. Tuffs are variable in color as is rhyolite, but rhyolite but is entirely crystalline, though the crystals are often difficult to see without a 10x lens.
This was collected at the Calsilco mine, in Last Chance Canyon, El Paso Range, Kern County, California.
An adjacent less welded layer of this tuff, a sedimentary pumice lapilli tuff, was mined from 1919 to around 1960. It was used as the polishing agent in toothpaste, in oil-absorbing compounds, and in acoustical plaster, cleaning compounds, wood fillers and in paint. The bed dips steeply to the west and the miners simply followed it down.
Shipping: Priority Mail small flat rate box unless combined with other purchases. Click > Shipping < for shipping rates. Use back button to return to this page.
Select a specimen: You can select a specimen by telling us what is in the photo with it, a blue or black and silver pen, a black mechanical pencil or one of those plus some number of coins, or you can let us make the selection.
Making multiple purchases? Click on the "combine shipping" button in the shopping cart. We'll send an invoice with combined shipping. A link in that invoice will bring you back to checkout, no hassle.